Whether you are new to gardening or a veteran, our vegetable gardening tip sheet will help you be successful from planting to harvest. Go to our Tip Sheets page for more information on growing specific vegetables and other advice.
Garden planning calendar
- January – February: Order seed catalogs or find seed web sites.
- February – March: Order seeds.
- March - April: Prepare the soil when it is dry enough.
- April: Plant cool season vegetables. (Check local planting dates.)
- May: Plant warm season vegetables after danger of frost (view statewide table for frost free dates)
Where to put your garden
- Choose a smart site for your vegetable garden.
- Convenient to your home and close to a water source.
- Where the soil is good and free from toxins.
- Sunny, level spot (six to eight hours of sunlight).
- Stay away from trees and shrubs.
- Avoid north-facing slopes and low areas.
Build your garden soil
- Smart fertilizer use: A vegetable garden begins with a soil management plan.
- Add organic matter every year.
- Test your soil for acidity (pH) and nutrients.
- Use appropriate amount and type of fertilizer.
- Prepare your garden soil for planting and avoid compacting it.
Plan your garden on paper
- Prepare the smart vegetable garden.
- Start small (20’ x 10’) and expand with more experience.
- Plant tall vegetables on the north side.
- Give each plant the space it needs.
- Draw garden map and include:
- Specific location of each vegetable crop.
- Spacing between plants and rows.
- Vegetables your family likes to eat.
- Planting dates.
Plant your vegetable garden
- Buy and plant seeds and transplants according to your plan.
- Harden off your transplants.
- Plant when the soil is warm enough for your vegetable crops.
- View videos on mulching to control weeds and adding row covers.
Keep your plants growing
- Water your vegetable garden.
- Use integrated pest management (IPM) to manage garden problems.
- Thin plants to increase harvest.
- Keep the garden weeded and manage pest problems.
- Add nutrients in summer when needed.
- Water when soil is dry.
- Identify and manage common pests and diseases.
- Harvesting vegetables tip sheet
- Check your garden often; you’ll enjoy it more!
- Harvest vegetables at their peak flavor and nutrition level.
- Use as soon as possible.
- USDA Complete Guide to Home Canning
- Asparagus (video)
- Brussels Sprouts
- Butternut squash (video)
- Cucumber Pickles
- Kale (video)
- Kohlrabi (video)
- Snap Beans
- Spaghetti Squash (video)
- Summer Squash
- Sweet Corn
- Sweet Potatoes
- Tomatoes (video)
- Winter Squash
Also, check out MSU Extension’s publications about growing vegetables.