Growing vegetables

Whether you are new to gardening or a veteran, our vegetable gardening tip sheet will help you be successful from planting to harvest. Go to our Tip Sheets page for more information on growing specific vegetables and other advice.

Garden planning calendar

View planning calendar

  • January – February: Order seed catalogs or find seed web sites.
  • February – March: Order seeds.
  • March - April: Prepare the soil when it is dry enough.
  • April: Plant cool season vegetables. (Check local planting dates.)
  • May: Plant warm season vegetables after danger of frost (view statewide table for frost free dates)

Where to put your garden

Build your garden soil 

Plan your garden on paper

  • Prepare the smart vegetable garden.
  • Start small (20’ x 10’) and expand with more experience.
  • Plant tall vegetables on the north side.
  • Give each plant the space it needs.
  • Draw garden map and include:
  • Specific location of each vegetable crop.
  • Spacing between plants and rows.
  • Vegetables your family likes to eat.
  • Planting dates.

Plant your vegetable garden

Keep your plants growing

  • Water your vegetable garden.
  • Thin plants to increase harvest.
  • Keep the garden weeded and manage pest problems.
  • Add nutrients in summer when needed.
  • Water when soil is dry. 

Pest management

Harvest vegetables

  • Harvesting vegetables tip sheet 
  • Check your garden often; you’ll enjoy it more!
  • Harvest vegetables at their peak flavor and nutrition level.
  • Use as soon as possible.

Preserving vegetables